Obesity can have negative and guilty repercussions for victims. HealtFit attended a round table organized in Quebec Canada, where specialists shared their opinions on the complex process of weight loss. Here are the main facts discussed.
One in four adults is affected
Obesity is a recognized chronic disease. In many cases, being overweight can lead to other health problems such as type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, heart disease, stroke, arthritis, disorders and cancer.
The role of genetics
According to the World Health Organization, a man must consume approximately 2,500 calories per day, against 2,000 calories for a woman. But the exact amount of calories burned daily differs from person to person. This number varies by lifestyle and, of course, genetics. According toDr. Dominique Garrel, two people of the same body size could burn 200 calories more or less during the same day.
The natural balance of the body
A healthy individual consumes the number of calories he needs on a daily basis. In case of excess, he will consume less, later in the week, without being aware of it. The body naturally finds its balance.
Hunger varies with hormonal changes. A woman may eat larger meals or have cravings during her period. This is a normal phenomenon since his body, whose temperature increases during this period, will burn more calories.
The feeling of hunger
A consequence of obesity is that the brain no longer sends signals of satiety. The feeling of hunger can therefore be more frequent and more important. These cravings are a major obstacle to weight loss.
To find these signals, try to eat slowly. The brain takes about 20 minutes to receive satiety signals. Again, this amount of time depends on each individual.
Weight loss may require professional help. Taking this step alone very often guarantees failure. For economic reasons, few overweight people benefit from this necessary help. Almost 90% of private insurance plans do not reimburse treatments for obesity. However, the consultation of a nutritionist is necessary to restore a healthy food lifestyle.
Sessions with a professional psychologist are sometimes essential to understand this weight gain. Obesity may be a consequence of anxiety or depression, even if the patient is not aware of it.
Fashionable diets are re-emerging every year. These “yo-yo” diets do not allow you to lose weight in the long term. Remember that rapid weight loss is never a decrease in body fat. According toDr. Dominique Garrel, these quick pounds taken off are a loss of muscles and water.
Trying a diet that has worked on another person can be very disappointing. Each person should follow their own diet. Only a health care professional will be able to determine, with you, an adapted diet and exercise plan.
ForDr. Banafcheh Hejazi, “success” represents a weight loss equivalent to 5% of the patient’s total weight. A loss of 10% is ideal for preventing other diseases associated with obesity, such as type 2 diabetes.
Often, this weight loss is not enough for patients. But it is important not to set overly ambitious targets. Setting realistic weight levels is the best option for losing weight, taking into account the wishes of the patient.
Start by losing 5% of your total weight, then 10%. Then you will see how many pounds you are still ready to lose. The more realistic the objectives, the higher the success rate.
Being ready for change
Wanting to lose weight does not mean that someone is ready to lose weight. You must first agree to change your lifestyle.
People who want to lose weight without being ready will give up very quickly. According to Dr. Stephen Stotland, the first step towards weight loss must be psychological.
No need to start a drastic diet.
Medication and Surgery
Medication that accompanies weight loss has long had a bad reputation. Today some people have little or no side effects. These drugs act on the feeling of satiety or on the desire for fatty foods. However, they must be accompanied by medical monitoring. Some doctors will prescribe antidepressants that can act on the very reason for being overweight.
Surgery shows little effectiveness in the long term. After such an operation, many patients return to their original weight, since their lifestyle habits have not changed. Surgery alone does not allow you to lose weight permanently.
Recover self-confidence Self-
image is one of the first sources of motivation to start the weight loss process. Cyntia Falardeau, a patient who recounted her experience, told us that she burst into tears when she saw a vacation photo. This awareness and this desire to change may be a starting point, as it was for Cyntia.
However, losing weight and learning to love yourself are two very different goals. Accepting yourself and loving yourself is the first step in losing weight. Confidence in oneself and in one’s chances of success facilitates the process and reduces the risk of abandonment.
Breaking the taboo
Obesity is a disease still poorly understood today and it is difficult to raise the subject with the people concerned. They often feel guilty and ashamed. For better treatment of patients by general practitioners, Dr. Banafcheh Hejazi stresses that it is essential to break the taboo.