When someone is diagnosed with diabetes, it means that there is too much sugar in his or her blood, which is also known as high blood sugar.
To understand exactly what this means, let’s look at what happens when we eat the food.
We eat to gain energy for our bodies. Most of the energy comes from the carbohydrates in our food when we eat carbohydrates our body’s digestive system breaks it down into sugar and the sugar is then extracted, moves from our digestive system to our blood when there is sugar in the blood. We call it blood sugar. Another name for blood sugar is glucose.
The reason why sugar is in the blood because it has to reach all of the body’s cells so that it can be used as energy. Each cell has a special way that sugar is left in the cell. You can think of this as a door, but this door is always locked and the cell only lets sugar in if there is a key to unlock the door. This key is called insulin.
Insulin is a special hormone that travels in our blood to unlock cells so sugar can get into cells once it’s in our cells, converts sugar into the energy they need.
Where does the insulin is produced?
Without further thinking it is produced in the pancreas. if we take a closer look at close range, we can see that insulin is actually produced in special cells of the pancreas, the so-called beta cells. These are the only cells in the body that can produce insulin if the pancreas is working properly.
They do just the right amount of insulin to get sugar from our bloodstream into our cells, the pancreas in someone with type 1 diabetes stops the insulin cells doors from being closed and sugar cannot get into the cells to produce energy, and sugar remains in the blood.
This is what it looks like in a person with diabetes. This article will focus only about type 1 diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes is another type of diabetes. In type 2 diabetes the body can still produce insulin, but it doesn’t do enough and insulin does not work very well. That means there is not enough sugar in the cells and there is too much sugar in the blood. We will only focus on type 1 diabetes in this article.
This is what usually happens. The body’s immune system protects us by fighting bacteria and viruses. The immune system destroys bacteria and viruses to keep us healthy, but a person with type 1 diabetes his or her immunity system makes a mistake.
Diabetes occurs when the immune system attacks the cells in the pancreas that produce insulin. This is a mistake, but the immune system is slowly destroying these cells. Unfortunately, there is still no cure to turn off the immune system or replace the beta cells in the attacked pancreas.
How do we treat type 1 diabetes?
We just saw that the pancreas does not get insulin into the blood of a person with type 1 diabetes. So, what do we need? we need insulin for this matter, so insulin injections are a treatment for type 1 diabetes? Not that easy Insulin injections only add insulin to the body and bring the sugar from our bloodstream into our cells so that our body can get the energy. If you like this article please share it with your friends.